This video lecture by Ariella Elema discusses the case of Jean de Carrouges versus Jacques Le Gris, a lawsuit that occurred in Paris in 1386. It’s the subject of the book The Last Duel by Eric Jager, and also of the upcoming movie The Last Duel directed by Ridley Scott.
Primary Sources (online and print)
Access the primary sources that accompany the lesson below:
- “Charter Relating to Judicial Duels, 11th-12th Century.” Trans. Richard Barton. Medieval Sourcebook. Fordham University, 1998
- Froissart, Jean. “The Life-and-Death Duel Between James Le Gris and Jean de Carogne.” Trans. Steven Muhlberger, Nipissing University
- Le Coq, Jean. Questiones Johannis Galli. Ed. Marguerite Boulet. Paris: Éditions de Boccard, 1944
- Monk of Saint-Denis. “An Account of the Duel Between Jean de Carrouges and Jacques Le Gris in the Chronicle of the Monk of Saint-Denis.” Trans. Steven Muhlberger, Nipissing University
Content warning: Video contains mentions of rape and descriptions of violence; contains spoilers for the forthcoming movie The Last Due, directed by Ridely Scott.
Elema, Ariella. Trial by Battle in France and England. PhD Dissertation. University of Toronto, 2012.
Elema, Ariella. “What Really Happened at the Last Duel?” HROARR. March 4, 2016.
Jager, Eric. The Last Duel: A True Story of Crime, Scandal, and Trial by Combat in Medieval France. New York: Broadway Books, 2004.
Musée National du Moyen Âge, Paris. “Le combat en armure, Daniel Jaquet.” YouTube. June 3, 2011.